Pahiyangala at a walking distance from our Bungalow..
Only a few know of the importance and historical value of Pahiyangala which has been discovered as Asia's largest natural cave. More than just fact, what's amazing about this cave is that the world's first microliths (very small stone artifacts usually made from sections of small blades) were also found here.

Snugly nestled in the sleepy village of Yatagampitiya which is about five kilometres away from Bulathsinhala, Pahiyanagala is not only a place worth visiting but also a revered cave where pilgrims and bhikkhus meditate.

Even though many don't know about it even in Sri Lanka, the cave is isolated and is very peaceful save for a few passing travellers and religious followers. The name Pahiyanagala or Fahiyanagala is coined from the name of Fa Hsien, after a Chinese pilgrim who visited this cave in the 5th century during his two-year pilgrimage here.


It is said that an old ceramic plate was found, thought to be left by Fa Hsien on his arrival at the cave and it is believed that he may have stopped here on his way to climb Sri Pada. In honour of his memory, the Chinese people have gifted Fa Hsien's picture to the Pahiyanagala Temple.


The size of Pahiyanagala is stupendous itself, nearly three times the size of the Dambulla Cave Temple and a unique cave feature is that unlike most caves where water seeps in through the rock ceiling, Pahiyanagala is always dry.
The Temple was built in the 18th century and has a 15 metre-long Buddha statue and on its feet is a long 'yakula' which is supposed to have been used when the Temple was built. Under the supervision of the Venerable Porogama Thera, the 'yakula' was used to remove debris that blocked the entrance.

Making it more special is the fact that some of the earliest remains of the modern-day human anatomy in South Asia is seen here. Excavation has proved that these caves were inhabited by prehistoric cave men some 37,000 years ago. Not only the largest natural rock in Asia, this is also known to be the most ancient pre-historic human settlement in Asia.

The first cave burials were discovered here in 1968 by the Archaeological Department and the oldest human bones found here was of a young child about 6,850 years-old and a young woman about 5,400 years-old. There were other remains of two older children, an infant and two adults that were also found here. The notable microliths unearthed were traditionally created by smoothening the hard quartz stone with a hit to fashion it.

The discoveries are vital for experts because the human skeletons found here coincide with the time of Europe's Co-Magnon Man in the Late Pleistocene era. It has been shown that the people who used to live here prepared food by grinding nuts, seeds and grains in stone querns and lived as hunters and gatherers up until the 8th century BC.

So take some time to discover our ancestors with a visit to Pahiyanagala which is easily accessible near Bulathsinhala which is 40Kms along the Piliyandala-Horana road and embracs our rich heritage and a peaceful connection.

Sinharaja Rain Forest – one hour and 15 minutes drive

Singharaja is the biggest and thickest natural forest in Sri Lankan Wet Zone.

It has three door ways and most convenient, safe and nearest to the resort is Weddagla door way via Kalawana.
You should not be astonished if you happen to witness a scholar, scientist , men of botany and researchers with heaps of documents on their back and Cameras hanging from shoulders while pacing through the foot paths in the thick forest for they are scientists in various fields engaged in experimental work. Sometimes you may see a turret in a huge tree which turret is constantly occupied by Scientists exploring nature and its phenomena.

Looking at rare and dear fauna and flora in the jungle to his naked eyes would delight one. But please ensure that nothing of jungle properties will creep in to your bags as properties of jungle are for jungle. The most precious contribution that a wonderer could pay for this scenic glory is that he would not drop or throw anything, which could be tantamount to pollute the virginity of this natural wealth.

90% of the flora and 28% of the fauna have been classified as endemic species. Leeches are abundant on lawns and moors. Joyful songs of birds and humming of bees are rampant around 1000 hours in the morning. Streams full of crystal clear water flowing with mummer beneath massive trees will surely attract your eyes when you are rambling even at the outer rim of the Forest.

Kukuleganga underground power station & Dam – 45 minutes

The Kukule Ganga Dam is a 110 m (360 ft) gravity dam built across the Kukule River in the Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. The run-of-river-type dam feeds an underground hydroelectric power station located approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) away.

Kukuleganga monastery – one hour drive

By Monastery, we mean a sacred Hermitage in a forest inhabited by highly disciplined Buddhist Monks whose lives have been entirely dedicated to the religious compliance. Kalugala , being one among them is situated in a passable forest peak about 15 km away from here in a mountainous environment. One has to climb a little distance on cemented steps in an attractive set up which attraction automatically diverts into a devotious nature at the first entrance. Astonishingly encircled with glorious, glaring and sky scrapping shrines, neatly built preaching halls, rock caves with sacred Lord Buddha statues of several gestures, cleaned flower gardens, rest halls, sandy foot paths, crystal clear streams running by , and above all pious and well mannered clergy pacing in silence at regular times are some of the things that a visitor may look at. Pirith chanting, sermons and alms giving are performed at specific times. Certainly you may not believe the serenity and beauty of this gracious hermitage until you see them with your own naked eyes.


Makeliya waterfall – 30 minutes drive

The 33ft (10m) fall is said to resemble a bride's veil from a distance, and round weather-eroded granite stones pepper the landscape. Before the fall there is a large natural pool, and6m downstream a fairytale-like islet watershed, known as Thumodara. Later the streams fuse and flow to the Kuda River, and via the Kaluganga River to the sea.

Tha fall is situated near Molkawa, in the Kalutara district and it is another beautiful waterfall that can be compared to any other famous waterfalls in Sri Lanka, because of its jaw-dropping beauty. Since it's located in the wet zone, Makeli Ella is blessed with water around the year. An observation platform was built here, capturing the most picturesque scenery of the waterfall.
Unfortunately, the natural beauty of the fall and its surrounding area is at risk due to the nearby Kukulegama Development Project. It seems possible that the resulting displaced soil could seep into the stream, causing it to silt up.